VA compensation and a VA pension are not the same thing. The simplest explanation is that VA compensation is a benefit paid on the basis of the kind and severity of a disability that happened as a result of your active duty in military service. VA pension is a benefit paid on the basis of a disability that was not a result of active service in the military, or because of age. Pension is also based on income. There are other criteria that may apply to deciding eligibility for VA pension. That's why it is a good idea to contact a representative at VA regional office to discuss your situation, or go to a national, state, or local veterans service organization for help.
The VA regional office may be contacted via:
Telephone at: 1-800-827-1000.
Internet web messaging at: https://iris.custhelp.com
In person or mail at an address you can locate at: http://www1.va.gov/directory/guide/division_flsh.asp?isFlash=1&dnum=3
For all current information about compensation and pension, eligibility, payment rates, applications, etc., go to http://www.vba.va.gov/VBA/ and click on the applicable links.
A list of veterans services officers may be found at: http://www1.va.gov/vso/