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Am I eligible for veterans preference in hiring?

Published 01/03/2006 03:16 PM   |    Updated 03/01/2011 05:09 PM
Am I eligible for veterans preference in hiring at VA?
Veterans preference applies to employment in the following ways:

1. Veterans Recruitment Appointment (VRA)
Veterans who qualify as preference eligibles under VRA are:

A disabled veteran;
A veteran who served on active duty in the Armed Forces during a war or in a campaign or expedition for which a campaign badge is authorized;
A veteran who, while serving in the Armed Forces, participated in a military operation for which an Armed Forces Service Medal was awarded; or
A recently separated veteran, meaning a veteran last separated from active duty within the last three (3) years.
These veterans are entitled to an additional 5 or 10 points added onto their earned rating in a competitive civil service examination. In all other situations (for example, selection from a merit promotion list or other "internal" action such as reassignment, transfer, or reinstatement), veterans' preference is not a factor.

A basic principle of Federal employment is that all candidates must meet the qualification requirements for the position for which they receive an appointment.

2. Veterans Employment Opportunities Act of 1998 (VEOA)
Veterans who qualify as preference eligibles under VEOA are:

A veteran separated after three (3) or more years of continuous active service performed under honorable conditions;
A veteran who was released shortly before competing a three (3) year tour are considered to be eligible.
This act gave veterans who qualify as preference eligibles and veterans with three (3) or more years of continuous active service access to jobs that might otherwise be closed to them. When an agency advertises for candidates outside its own workforce under merit promotion procedures, it must allow these veterans to apply. Of course, all applications are subject to any area of consideration that the agency has specified on the vacancy announcement. Thus, if the agency will only accept applications from status candidates within the local commuting area, veterans who are outside the commuting area are not eligible.

A basic principle of Federal employment is that all candidates must meet the qualification requirements for the position for which they receive an appointment.

Employment preference eligibility is ascertained when applying for a job with VA.